About us

Friday, 1 April 2016

(SOCIAL STUDIES) PT 1 SOCIAL GROUPS AND INSTITUTIONS

Section A

#3



What is a Social Group?

A Social group can be defined as a group that consist of  two or more people. This involves communication and interaction with people of the same interest.

TYPES OF SOCIAL GROUPS

*Primary social groups-The relationships within a primary social    group are close and personal. Your family and friends are an  example of a primary social group.

*Secondary social groups-Within a secondary social group,      relationships with members are less personal and are more formal,  schools, churches, political parties are all examples of secondary  social group.

*Formal and Informal groups- Formal and Informal groups are  both categorized Social groups. A rotary club is an example of a  formal group while a group of friends coming together for leisure  activities is an example of an Informal group. 

CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL GROUPS

*Structure and leadership-Having a defined hierarchical structure   giving clear outline based on level of authority. 

*Membership -Having membership within a group can be  voluntary or involuntary.
 Common characteristics of members, they should share:
-the same vision based on the group.
-needs hoped to be met through group effort.
-focus based on the interest of the group.
-similar values which shoud reflect based on the activities of the  group.

*Behaviour- All social groups develop expectations for behaviour.

*Marks of identity- This could be either uniforms badges.


SPECIAL SOCIAL GROUPS

*Peer Groups- Similar age groups, interest, background,      experiences and values.

*Interest Groups- This is a group of people who works together in  order to lobby the government to protect something of benefit in  their own self interest. 

*Pressure Groups- This group exist to influence public opinion or  policy.














No comments:

Post a comment